If, as Hegel expressed, “the theorists, ideologists and philosophers” have “at all times been dominant in history” (p. 11, end of the first paragraph), why is there always one idea that stands above the rest and becomes the dominant one? What relationships should we be studying that tie together politics, economy and theory?
Antonio Gramsci speaks of subaltern groups as those who oppose hegemonic (dominant) powers (p.14). Groups tend to have leaders and they obey certain hierarchical order; is there, then, any space for the voice of a unique subaltern? Are not the latest trends in consumer goods (i.e. “unique designs”, customization, personalization) just a silly attempt at making the subaltern feel like he or she has options and a voice?
Maybe it’s just my impression, but Althusser seems to repeatedly put scientific knowledge over ideology (p.86). How can the scientific discourse be considered subject-less when it is born of a subjects ideas, questions and previous knowledge?
Hasn’t the constant revocability of scientific knowledge proven that what is completely obvious today will be proven entirely wrong tomorrow?